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Algebra Properties

    Resources

    1. Deriving the Quadratic Formula

    Properties of Algebra

    Commutative Property of Algebra

    Definition:

    1. involving the condition that a group of quantities connected by operators gives the same result whatever the order of the quantities involved, e.g. a ร— b = b ร— a.
    2. relating to or involving substitution or exchange.

    Math block

    a+b=7+2=9a + b = 7 + 2 = 9

    Math block

    b+a=2+7=9b + a = 2 + 7 = 9

    Associativity Property of Algebra

    Grouping of more than two numbers to perform basic arithmetic operations of addition/multiplication does not affect the final result.

    Math block

    (a+b)+c=(โˆ’2+4)+5=7(a + b) + c = (-2 + 4) + 5 = 7

    Math block

    a+(b+c)=โˆ’2+(4+5)=7a + (b + c) = -2 + (4 + 5) = 7

    Distributive Property of Algebra

    The distributive property defines that the product of a single term and a sum or difference of two or more terms inside the bracket is same as multiplying each addend by the single term and then adding or subtracting the products.

    Math block

    (a+b)โ‹…c=aโ‹…c+bโ‹…c(a + b) \cdot c = a \cdot c + b \cdot c

    Math block

    aโ‹…(b+c)=aโ‹…b+aโ‹…ca \cdot (b + c) = a \cdot b + a \cdot c

    Additive Identity Property

    Math block

    a=a+0a = a + 0

    Multiplicative Identity Property

    Math block

    a=aโ‹…1=1โ‹…aa = a \cdot 1 = 1 \cdot a

    Additive Inverse Property

    Math block

    a+(โˆ’a)=0=(โˆ’a)+aa + (-a) = 0 = (-a) + a

    Multiplicative Inverse Property

    Math block

    2โ‹…12=0=12โ‹…22 \cdot \frac{1}{2} = 0 = \frac{1}{2} \cdot 2

    Logarithmic Properties

    Product Rule

    The log of a product is equal to the sum of the log of the first base and the log of the second base:

    Math block

    logโกb(xy)=logโกbx+logโกby\log_b (xy) = \log_b x + \log_b y

    Quotient Rule

    The log of a quotient is equal to the difference of the logs of the numerator and denominator:

    Math block

    logโกb(x/y)=logโกbxโˆ’logโกby\log_b (x/y) = \log_b x - \log_b y

    Power Rule

    The log of a power is equal to the power times the log of the base:

    Math block

    logโกb(xn)=nlogโกbx\log_b (x^n) = n \log_b x

    Change of Base Formula

    The log of a new base is the log of the new base divided by the log of the old base in the new base:

    Math block

    logโกbx=logโกax/logโกab\log_b x = \log_a x / \log_a b

    Base Switch Rule

    Math block

    logโกbx=1logโกxb\log_b x = \frac{1}{\log_x b}
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    @dennisokeeffe92
    • Melbourne, Australia

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    Algebra Properties

    Introduction

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