Den Dribbles

O(1) Reloading With Create React App

July 19, 2020

Edit (28/10/2020): This tutorial has been updated to work with npm 7, create-react-app@4.0.0 and snowpack@2.15.1.

You can find the finished project on GitHub.

Some of the comments made throughout this post may no longer apply with CRA 4. I am updated at the request of others!

The post is now a few months old, so lookout for new fresh content with Snowpack that will delve more into running Snowpack with Webpack 5 and TypeScript 4.

Bundlers have been the standard in web development over recent years, but as your application grows in size, so too does the bundle times. This creates issues for developers and costs everyone precious time.

Snowpack is build tool that addresses this issue by serving an unbundled application. They have a great blog post explaining how they got to the version 2 release.

In my own work, I have been getting unbelievably frustrated with build times and have been very keen to explore Snowpack. At first, I played around with their Create Snowpack App starter, but want to know how I could run with Create React App and add Snowpack instead.

There really hasn’t been many posts available on how to do this, so I decided to go it on my own with some trial and error. Here are the short steps that you can take to start developing in O(1) build times with a fresh Create React App project!

Note: This tutorial ran with create-react-app@3.4.1 and snowpack@2.6.4.

Getting started

Create a new React project with the following:

npx create-react-app snowpack-uplift

This will create the default create-react-app setup into the snowpack-uplift folder.

Babel Run Command File

Add a .babelrc file to your root directory and add the following:

{
  "presets": ["@babel/preset-react"]
}

index.html

We need to add the <script type="module" src="/_dist_/index.js"></script> tag into our public/index.html file.

Mine looked like the following:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <link rel="icon" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/favicon.ico" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    <meta name="theme-color" content="#000000" />
    <meta
      name="description"
      content="Web site created using create-react-app"
    />
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/logo192.png" />
    <!--
      manifest.json provides metadata used when your web app is installed on a
      user's mobile device or desktop. See https://developers.google.com/web/fundamentals/web-app-manifest/
    -->
    <link rel="manifest" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/manifest.json" />
    <!--
      Notice the use of %PUBLIC_URL% in the tags above.
      It will be replaced with the URL of the `public` folder during the build.
      Only files inside the `public` folder can be referenced from the HTML.

      Unlike "/favicon.ico" or "favicon.ico", "%PUBLIC_URL%/favicon.ico" will
      work correctly both with client-side routing and a non-root public URL.
      Learn how to configure a non-root public URL by running `npm run build`.
    -->
    <title>React App</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <noscript>You need to enable JavaScript to run this app.</noscript>
    <div id="root"></div>
    <script type="module" src="/_dist_/index.js"></script>
    <!--
      This HTML file is a template.
      If you open it directly in the browser, you will see an empty page.

      You can add webfonts, meta tags, or analytics to this file.
      The build step will place the bundled scripts into the <body> tag.

      To begin the development, run `npm start` or `yarn start`.
      To create a production bundle, use `npm run build` or `yarn build`.
    -->
  </body>
</html>

Add Dependencies

Let’s add our dev dependencies for the application! This will install Snowpack and some other dependencies I found along the way that look to be required.

Note: With npm 7, you may need to run this with the --legacy-peer-deps flag if the peer dependencies do not resolve as expected.

npm i --save-dev --legacy-peer-deps \
@snowpack/app-scripts-react \
@snowpack/plugin-babel \
rollup-plugin-node-polyfills \
snowpack

package.json

Add the follow script to we can run dev as a npm script during development. It’s not required, but saves time.

"scripts": {
  "dev": "snowpack dev --config snowpack.config.js",
}

Snowpack Config

Finally, create a snowpack.config.js file at the root directory and add the following:

// snowpack.config.js
// Plugin: https://github.com/ionic-team/rollup-plugin-node-polyfills
module.exports = {
  extends: "@snowpack/app-scripts-react",
  devOptions: {
    port: 8080,
    src: "src",
    bundle: process.env.NODE_ENV === "production",
    fallback: "public/index.html",
  },
  installOptions: {
    rollup: {
      plugins: [require("rollup-plugin-node-polyfills")()],
    },
  },
}

These options are some that I carried over from the Create Snowpack App starter application. The devOptions may not be required, although I found the build would fail prior to add fallback: "public/index.html" to those options.

An important update for Create-React-App 4.0

In the CRA 4 src/App.js file, you will note does not import React for you. If you wish to use Snowpack, you will need to add import React from ‘react’ to the top of the file.

Running out Application

Fire it up now by running yarn dev or npm run dev! The application will load on port 8080.

To see some neat speed changes, duplicate App.js and App.css into files Alt.js and Alt.css. Fiddle around with some of these settings so you can see the changes.

I updated Alt.css to have some colour changes:

.Alt {
  text-align: center;
}

.Alt-logo {
  height: 40vmin;
  pointer-events: none;
}

@media (prefers-reduced-motion: no-preference) {
  .Alt-logo {
    animation: Alt-logo-spin infinite 20s linear;
  }
}

.Alt-header {
  background-color: #fff000;
  min-height: 100vh;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  font-size: calc(10px + 2vmin);
  color: black;
}

.Alt-link {
  color: black;
}

@keyframes Alt-logo-spin {
  from {
    transform: rotate(0deg);
  }
  to {
    transform: rotate(360deg);
  }
}

Make some simple changes to Alt.js to use Alt.css and have some different text:

import React from "react"
import logo from "./logo.svg"
import "./Alt.css"

function Alt() {
  return (
    <div className="Alt">
      <header className="Alt-header">
        <img src={logo} className="Alt-logo" alt="logo" />
        <p>
          Edit <code>src/Alt.js</code> and save to reload.
        </p>
        <a
          className="Alt-link"
          href="https://reactjs.org"
          target="_blank"
          rel="noopener noreferrer"
        >
          Learn Snowpack
        </a>
      </header>
    </div>
  )
}

export default Alt

Seeing the speed changes

Import Alt.js in index.js and start swapping it back and forth with <App /> to see some fast changes!

import React from "react"
import ReactDOM from "react-dom"
import "./index.css"
import App from "./App"
import Alt from "./Alt"
import * as serviceWorker from "./serviceWorker"

ReactDOM.render(
  <React.StrictMode>
    <Alt />
  </React.StrictMode>,
  document.getElementById("root")
)

// If you want your app to work offline and load faster, you can change
// unregister() to register() below. Note this comes with some pitfalls.
// Learn more about service workers: https://bit.ly/CRA-PWA
serviceWorker.unregister()

Snowpack reload results

The beauty with running CRA is that we can actually compare with the default settings! Stop the Snowpack server and start yarn start or npm run start to get the base app going with the bundler. Notice the following:

  1. How much slower the server start up is.
  2. The longer time to reload the app when changing between <Alt /> and <App />.

It is really important to note here that the app is still really, really small, so time to bundle will only grow greater as we make the application larger and larger! That will be when Snowpack truly shines.

Conclusion

We got up and running with Snowpack in 5 minutes and had a great chance to compare the two! O(1) build tools are a real breath of fresh air!

If you liked this short tutorial, you are going to love my next one where I dive into remote microfrontends with Webpack Federation. Be sure to follow me on GitHub and Twitter for updates on upcoming content.

Resources and further reading

  1. Completed project
  2. The Path to Snowpack 2
  3. Create Snowpack App
  4. Create React App

Image credit: Katie Moum


A personal blog on all things of interest. Written by Dennis O'Keeffe, Follow me on Twitter